|A caricature is
a rendered image showing the features of its subject in a
term is derived from the Italian
caricare—to charge or load. An early
definition occurs in the English doctor
Thomas Browne's Christian Morals,
published posthumously in 1716.
Expose not thy self by four-footed
manners unto monstrous draughts,
and Caricatura representations.
When Men's faces are drawn
with resemblance to some other
Animals, the Italians call it, to be
drawn in Caricatura
Thus, the word "caricature" essentially
means a "loaded portrait". According
to School of Visual Arts caricature
instructor Sam Viviano, the term refers
only to depictions of real-life people,
and not to cartoon fabrications of fictional
characters, which do not possess objective
sets of physiognomic features to draw upon
for reference, or to anthropomorphic
depictions of inanimate objects such as
automobiles or coffee mugs.
Walt Disney, on the other hand, equated his
animation to caricature, saying the hardest
thing to do was find the caricature of an animal
that worked best as a human-like character.